What can I do to prevent macular degeneration?
The cause of macular degeneration is not entirely understood so methods of prevention are unproven. Studies examining people with macular degeneration and their common characteristics suggest there may be ways to minimize your risk for developing the disease.
- Don’t smoke
- Wear sunglasses to prevent exposure to ultraviolet light
- Eat foods that contain antioxidants, lutein, zeaxanthin and omega 3 fatty acids
- Maintain normal blood pressure
- Maintain a healthy weight
What can I do to manage my macular degeneration?
Getting regular eye examinations
Regular eye exams are very important to monitor macular degeneration and to watch out for any other vision changes. Early detections often allows for earlier treatments and therefore, a better result.
Self-monitoring, by using the Amsler grid
It’s important for people with macular degeneration to monitor their vision daily. Any sudden vision changes may be a sign of wet macular degeneration or new abnormal blood vessel growth or leaking. The Amsler grid can reveal signs of macular degeneration such as blurry areas, wavy lines, or blank spots. If you notice any changes in your vision, you should contact your ophthalmologist immediately.
Meet with a low vision specialist and use low vision aids
Low vision aids can help with tasks that require detailed vision. It’s also helpful to see a low vision specialist, a doctor specifically trained in low vision rehabilitation. Aids such as magnifiers, closed circuit television, reading machines, writing guides, large-faced appliances, large-print checks and reading materials can help people you remain independent in your everyday life.